KEEP AWAY FROM GOUT
WHAT IS GOUT?
Gout is a type of arthritis that present as inflammation in the joints due to deposition of uric acid crystals. This manifests through swelling, pain, tenderness, redness and heat at the affected joints.
Gout is due to elevated levels of uric acid (hyperuricemia), causing deposition at the joints causing inflammation and the above mentioned symptoms. Uric acid is a byproduct of purines that are broken down.
RISK FACTORS FOR GOUT?
Gout is common after surgery, trauma and dehydration by diuretics like mannitol that raise the level of uric acid in bloodstream causing their precipitation. Obesity, alcohol intake, genetics and kidney malfunction also predispose one to gout.
Generally, gout presents with joint pains, swelling redness and tenderness mainly at the lower extremities. The great toe is mainly affected and is called podagra. Another characteristic feature is tophus which is a nodule of uric acid under the skin commonly on ear cartilage, elbow and other joint surfaces.
WHAT YOU DIDN’T KNOW: 8 FOODS CAUSING GOUT!!
- Red meat
- sugary drinks
Drink a lot of water throughout the day, avoid excessive alcohol consumption and live generally healthy lifestyle. Alcohol increase the risk of altered uric acid metabolism and cause its accumulation.
Avoid foods rich in purines such as shellfish or organ meats such as kidney, liver and brain. A diet low in fat and calories combined together with adequate exercise will be of help.
Gout is a very painful condition. Pain relievers and anti-inflammatory medications are the mainstay of treatment for gout. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), colchicine (Colcrys), and corticosteroids are used to decrease joint inflammation.
Other medications such as probenecid (which helps the body excrete excess uric acid) and allopurinol (Zyloprim, Aloprim), (which decreases the amount of uric acid formed by the body) are used for managing the underlying metabolic derangement that causes hyperuricemia and gout.
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